Templates

Templates can be imported into your Privilege Management for Mac settings. You can choose to merge them into your existing policy; otherwise, the template overwrites your existing policy.

macOS QuickStart

The QuickStart for macOS policy contains Workstyles, Application Groups, and Messages configured with Privilege Management for Mac and Application Control. The QuickStart policy has been designed from BeyondTrust’s experiences of implementing the solution across thousands of customers, and is intended to balance security with user freedom. As every environment is different, we recommend you thoroughly test this configuration to ensure it complies with the requirements of your organization.

This template policy contains the following elements:

Workstyles

  • All Users
  • High Flexibility
  • Medium Flexibility
  • Low Flexibility

Application Groups

  • (Default) Authorize - Delete from /Applications
  • (Default) Authorize - Install to /Applications
  • (Default) Authorize - System Trusted
  • (Default) General - Any Application
  • (Default) General - Any Applications Requiring Authorization
  • (Default) Passive - System Trusted
  • Any Other Sudo Commands
  • Authorize - High Flexibility
  • Authorize - Controlled OS Functions
  • Authorize - General Business Applications
  • Authorize - Low Flexibility
  • Authorize - System Preferences
  • Authorize Sudo Commands - General
  • Authorize Sudo Commands - High Flexibility
  • Block - Applications
  • Block - Delete from /Applications
  • Block - Installation to /Applications
  • Passive - General Business Applications

Messages

  • Allow Authorize (Delegated Authorizer)
  • Allow Authorize (User Authorizer)
  • Allow Message (Audit)
  • Allow Message (Enter Reason)
  • Allow Message (with Challenge)
  • Block (OK)
  • Block - Delete (OK)
  • Block - Installation (OK)
  • Delete Message (Audit)
  • Install Message (Audit)

QuickStart Policy Summary

By using and building on the QuickStart policy, you can quickly improve your organization's security without having to monitor and analyze your users' behavior first and then design and create your Privilege Management for Mac configuration.

After the QuickStart policy has been deployed to groups within your organization, you can start to gather information on your users' behavior. This will provide you with a better understanding of the applications being used within your organization, and whether they require admin rights, need to be blocked, or need authorization for specific users.

This data can then be used to further refine the QuickStart policy to provide more a tailored Privilege Management for Mac solution for your organization.

macOS Workstyles

The QuickStart policy contains four Workstyles that should be used together to manage all users in your organization.

All Users

This Workstyle contains a set of default rules that apply to all standard users regardless of what level of flexibility they need.

The All Users Workstyle contains rules to:

  • Block any applications that are in the Block Applications group.
  • Allow BeyondTrust Support tools.
  • Allow standard Windows functions, business applications, and applications installed through trusted deployment tools to run with admin rights.
  • Allow approved standard user applications to run passively.
  • Allow and authorize the install and delete of bundles to the /Applications/ directory.

High Flexibility

This Workstyle is designed for users that require a lot of flexibility such as developers.

The High Flexibility Workstyle contains rules to:

  • Allow known allowed business applications and operating system functions to run.
  • Allow users to run signed applications with admin rights.
  • Allow users to run unknown applications with admin rights once they have confirmed the application should be elevated.
  • Allow applications in the Add Admin – High Flexibility group to run with admin rights.
  • Allow unknown business application and operating system functions to run on-demand.

Medium Flexibility

This Workstyle is designed for users that require some flexibility such as sales engineers.

The Medium Flexibility Workstyle contains rules to:

  • Allow known allowed business applications and operating system functions to run.
  • Allow users to run signed applications with admin rights once they have confirmed the application should be elevated.
  • Prompt users to provide a reason before they can run unknown applications with admin rights.
  • Allow applications in the Add Admin – Medium Flexibility group to run with admin rights.
  • Allow unknown business application and operating system functions to run on-demand.
  • Restricted OS functions that require admin rights are prevented and require support interaction.

Low Flexibility

This Workstyle is designed for users that don't require much flexibility such as helpdesk operators.

The Low Flexibility Workstyle contains rules to:

  • Prompt users to contact support if a trusted or untrusted application requests admin rights.
  • Prompt users to contact support if an unknown application tries to run with support authorization.
  • Allow known approved business applications and operating system functions to run.

macOS Application Groups

The Application Groups prefixed with (Default) or (Recommended) are hidden by default and do not need to be altered.

  • (Default) Authorize - System Trusted: Contains operating system functions that are authorized for all users.
  • (Default) General - Any Application: Contains all application types and is used as a catch-all for unknown applications.
  • (Default) General - Any Application Requiring Authorization: This group contains applications types that request admin rights.
  • (Default) Passive - System Trusted: This group contains system applications that are allowed for all users.
  • Any Other Sudo Commands: Contains all sudo commands and is used as a catch-all for unknown sudo commands.
  • Authorize - High Flexibility: Contains the applications that require authorization that should only be provided to the high flexibility users.
  • Authorize - Controlled OS Functions: This group contains OS functions that are used for system administration and trigger an authorization prompt when they are executed.
  • Authorize - General Business Applications: Contains applications that are authorized for all users, regardless of their flexibility level.
  • Authorize - Low Flexibility: Contains the applications that require authorization that should only be provided to the low flexibility users.
  • Authorize - System Preferences: This group contains system preferences that trigger an authorization prompt when they are executed.
  • Authorize Sudo Commands: General. Contains sudo commands that are allowed for all users.
  • Authorize Sudo Commands: High Flexibility. Contains sudo commands that should only be provided to the high flexibility users.
  • Block - Applications: This group contains applications that are blocked for all users.
  • Passive - General Business Applications: This group contains applications that are allowed for all users

macOS Messages

The following messages are created as part of the QuickStart policy and are used by some of the Application Rules:

  • Allow Authorize (Delegated Authorizer): Asks the user to enter the username and password of another user before the application is authorized to run.
  • Allow Authorize (User Authorizer): Asks the user to enter their password before the application is authorized to run.
  • Allow Message (Audit): Asks the user to confirm that they want to proceed to authorize an application to run.
  • Allow Message (Enter Reason): Asks the user to provide a reason and enter their password before the application is authorized to run.
  • Allow Message (with Challenge): Presents the user with a challenge code and asks them to obtain authorization from the support desk. Support can either provide a response code or a designated, authorized user can enter their login details to approve the request.
  • Block (OK): Warns the user that an application has been blocked.

Customize the QuickStart Policy

Before deploying the QuickStart policy to your users, you need to make some company-specific customizations to the standard template.

At a minimum you need to:

  • Configure the users or groups that can authorize requests that trigger messages.
  • Customize the messaging with you company logo and wording
  • Assign users and groups to the high, medium, and low flexibility Workstyles.
  • Populate the Block Applications Application Group with any applications you want to block for all users.
  • Set your shared key so you can generate a Privilege Management for Mac Response code.