Asynchronous Upgrade of Two B Series Appliances in a Failover Relationship
With asynchronous updating, the backup B Series Appliance is updated first and then assumes the role of primary. This method has minimal downtime; we recommend asynchronous updates for larger deployments and scenarios that rely on maintaining solid uptime. Some complexity is involved, as the network may have to be modified in order to fail over to the backup B Series Appliance.
We recommend performing upgrades during scheduled maintenance windows. Your BeyondTrust site will be temporarily unavailable during the upgrade. All logged in users and active sessions will be terminated. You will need to schedule two separate maintenance windows in which to complete the upgrade. Installation usually takes between 15 minutes to an hour. However, if you are storing a large amount of data on your B Series Appliance (e.g., session recordings), the installation could take significantly longer. Plan an interim period between the two maintenance windows adequate enough to confirm the new software version in your production environment, but brief enough to minimize the exposure of temporarily not having a failover configuration. We also recommend testing the update in a controlled environment prior to deploying into production. If you experience any issues during the Base update, do not restart the B Series Appliance. Please contact BeyondTrust Technical Support.
In these instructions, Appliance A is the primary B Series Appliance (i.e., the B Series Appliance to which the primary hostname resolves), while Appliance B is the backup B Series Appliance.
Backup and Sync
Prior to upgrading, make a backup of your current BeyondTrust software settings. On Appliance A, go to /login > Management > Software.
Click the Download Backup button, and save the backup file to a secure location.
Go to /login > Management > Failover, click Sync Now, and wait for synchronization to complete.
Once synchronization has finished, click Break Failover Relationship.
Update Appliance B
Update Appliance B using either the automatic or the manual update method.
In most cases, BeyondTrust customers can download and install updates with no assistance from BeyondTrust Technical Support. To see if an upgrade is available, go to /appliance > Updates.
Click Check for updates.
If a software update is available, it will appear under Available Updates. Once you click Install This Update, the B Series Appliance will download and automatically install the new version of the BeyondTrust software.
BeyondTrust software updates often depend on one or more Base Software updates. Install the available Base Software updates to enable the dependent BeyondTrust updates. Then download a backup and immediately install the BeyondTrust software updates before doing anything else, such as failing over or installing updates on another B Series Appliance.
If automatic updates fail when expected to work, please see the knowledge base at www.beyondtrust.com/support.
If you are unable to use automatic updates (e.g., if your B Series Appliance exists on a restricted network), you may perform manual updates.
Go to /appliance > Updates.
Starting with Base 3.3.2, click the Appliance Download Key link to generate a unique B Series Appliance key; prior to Base 3.3.2, you must contact BeyondTrust Technical Support to request this key. From a non-restricted system, submit this key to BeyondTrust's update server at https://btupdate.com. Download any available updates to a removable storage device and then transfer those updates to a system from which you can manage your B Series Appliance.
From the Updates page, browse to the file from the Manual Installation section and then click the Update Software button to complete the installation. The B Series Appliance will install the new version of the BeyondTrust software.
Be prepared to install software updates directly after download. Once an update has been downloaded, it no longer appears in your list of available updates. Should you need to redownload an update, contact BeyondTrust Technical Support at www.beyondtrust.com/support.
After completing the upgrade process, verify that the update completed successfully and that your software is working as expected.
On a minimum of two local machines that can access Appliance B, edit the hosts file so that your site hostname resolves to the IP address of Appliance B.
For more information on hosts file, please see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hosts_(file).
On one computer, run the representative console. Your installed representative consoles will need to be upgraded after the site upgrades. Typically, this occurs automatically the next time the representative runs the representative console. To check the software build that a console is running, log in to the console and then click Help > About. Also be sure that you can make a connection to a remote computer via a session.
Representative consoles previously deployed on locked-down computers using MSI may need to be redeployed once the upgrade is complete. If the extractable representative console or extractable Jump Client feature has been enabled for your site by BeyondTrust Technical Support, then you can download an MSI installer to update representative consoles or Jump Clients prior to upgrading the B Series Appliance. To do this, check for the new update either manually or automatically. Click the Rep Console Installers or Jump Client Installers link to download the MSI for distribution. Note that the updated clients will not come online until their B Series Appliance is updated. It is not necessary to uninstall the original client prior to deploying the new one, as the new one should automatically replace the original installation. It is a best practice, however, to keep a copy of the old MSI to remove the outdated installations after the B Series Appliance is updated should this removal prove necessary. The new MSI is unable to do so.
Make Appliance B the Primary B Series Appliance
Set Appliance B to the primary role following the steps previously determined in your failover plan: shared IP switch, DNS swing, or NAT swing.
If you are using the BeyondTrust Integration Client and have configured it based on IP address rather than hostname, be sure to verify that it can extract data from Appliance B after redefining Appliance B as the primary B Series Appliance.
Data from remote support sessions completed on either B Series Appliance while failover is not enabled will automatically sync once the failover relationship has been reestablished.
On Appliance A, go to /appliance > Networking > IP Configuration.
Click on the shared IP address to edit it, and uncheck the Enabled box. Then click Save Changes.
Immediately, go to /appliance > Networking > IP Configuration on Appliance B. It is helpful to have this page already open in a separate browser tab.
Click on the shared IP address to edit it, and check the Enabled box. Then click Save Changes.
As soon as the switch is made, you can resume normal activity. All requests to your site will be served by Appliance B.
Access the DNS controller and locate the DNS entry for your BeyondTrust site. Edit the entry to point to the IP address for Appliance B. Once the DNS entry has propagated, you can resume normal activity. All requests to your site will be served by Appliance B.
Access the NAT controller and locate the NAT entry for your BeyondTrust site. Edit the entry to point to the IP address for Appliance B. As soon as the change is made, you can resume normal activity. All requests to your site will be served by Appliance B.
Update Appliance A
Each customer environment is different, and while BeyondTrust does test each feature, we cannot test each and every scenario a customer may encounter. Please confirm that the BeyondTrust software is working in your environment before updating Appliance A.
Update Appliance A using either the automatic or the manual update method as defined above. Then verify and test that the update completed successfully.
Reestablish Failover Relationship
From Appliance B, go to /login > Management > Failover.
To configure a valid connection, both B Series Appliances must have identical Inter-Appliance keys. Please see the /login > Management > Security page to verify the key for each B Series Appliance.
Reestablish the failover relationship with the backup B Series Appliance, using Appliance A as the backup and Appliance B as the primary.
Establishing the relationship between the two B Series Appliances occurs on the Failover page of the B Series Appliance intended to be the primary B Series Appliance. The addresses that are entered here will establish the relationship and allow either B Series Appliance to connect to each other at any time. The New Backup Site Connection Details tell the primary B Series Appliance how to connect to the B Series Appliance that will become the backup B Series Appliance. The Reverse Connection Details to this Primary Site are given to the backup B Series Appliance and tell it how to connect back to this primary B Series Appliance. You must use a valid hostname or IP address and TLS port number for these fields. When all of these fields are set, click the Establish Relationship button to attempt to establish the relationship.
Whenever possible, BeyondTrust recommends using the unique IP address of each B Series Appliance when configuring these settings.
Once the relationship has been established, extraneous tabs will be removed from the backup site. It takes about 60 seconds for the first data synchronization to initiate, but you may also click the Sync Now button to force synchronization and pull the most current information from the primary B Series Appliance into the memory of the backup B Series Appliance. Synchronization itself may take anywhere from a few seconds to a few hours, depending on the amount of data that needs to be synchronized. The Failover page will list the last date and time of data synchronization when synchronization is completed.
Failover synchronization syncs all user accounts, all /login configuration settings, files in the file store, logs, and recordings. All of this information which exists on the backup B Series Appliance will be overwritten by that which resides on the primary B Series Appliance. If the primary B Series Appliance is the master node in an Atlas cluster, the backup B Series Appliance will automatically become the new backup master node in this cluster.